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Key Macroeconomic Indicators of Russian Federation

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Russia expanded 1.80 percent in the fourth quarter of 2012 over the previous quarter. GDP Growth Rate in Russia is reported by the Rosstat.
 

Russia is the largest country in the world and the fifth largest economy. The Russian economy is commodity-driven. Russia is the world’s largest producer of oil (12 percent of world output), natural gas (18 percent) and nickel (20 percent). The energy sector is the most important, it contributes 20-25 percent of GDP, 65 percent of total exports and 30 percent of government budget revenue. During the past decad-e, poverty and unemployment declined steadily and the middle class continued to expand.
 

Russia's gross domestic product expanded 1.8 percent on the quarter, down from 2.7 percent for the same period of 2011. Year-on-year, GDP rose 2.1 percent, slowing from an upwardly revised 3 percent in the third quarter, according to the Federal Statistics Service. 
 

The biggest downward pressure came from agriculture, hunting and forestry (-9.5 percent). Government spending fell 0.7 percent and education 0.2 percent. The biggest upwards pressure came from financial services (+11.1 percent), hotels and restaurants (+5.6  percent) and real estate (+4.3 percent).
 

Russian economy expanded at the slowest pace since it began recovering at the start of 2010 as stuttering global growth curbed demand for commodities exports. Exports in the fourth quarter were up 1.4 percent year-on-year and imports increased 9.2 percent.

For 2012, the statistics service reiterated its first estimate of economic growth at 3.4 percent, down from 4.3 percent in 2011 and 4.5 percent in 2010.

 

  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Production Indicators            
GDP change (%), year-on-year 8.5  5.2 -7.8 4.5 4.3 3.4
GDP per capita, PPP ($) 14 899  16 040 14 945 15 657 16 736 17 698
Nominal GDP per capita ($) 9 152  11 704 8 617 10 408 12 993 13 765
Industrial output, change (%), year-on-year  6.8 0.6 -9.3 8.2 4.7 2.6
Manufacturing, change (%), year-on-year  10.5 0.5 -15.2 11.8 6.5 4.1
Extraction of mineral resources, change (%)  3.3 0.4 -0.6 3.6 1.9 1.1
Fixed capital investment, change (%),  year-on-year 22.7 9.9 -15.7 6.0 10.8 6.6
             
             
Fiscal and Monetary Indicators            
Deficit (surplus) of the federal budget (% of GDP)  5.4 4.1 -5.9 -4.0 0.8 - 0.02
Federal budget expenditures, USD Bn 234  296 378 396 427 504
Public debt (% of GDP) 7.2  6.5 8.3 9.0 9.6 10.7
M2, change (%), end year/end year 43.5  0.8 17.7 31.1 22.3 11.9
Inflation (CPI), change (%), at year-end 11.9 13.3 8.8 8.8 6.1 6.6
GDP deflator 13.9 18.0 2.0 14.2 15.5 8.0
Producer price index (PPI), (%), at year-end  25.1 -7.0 13.9 16.7 12.0 5.1
Nominal exchange rate, average, RUB/USD  25.58 24.85 31.75 30.37 29.39 31.09
Real effective exchange rate, change (%) year-on-year 4.2 5.1 -5.6 9.6 4.7 2.4
Reserve Fund, USD Bn, at the end of period    137.1 60.5 25.4 25.2 62.1
National Wealth Fund, USD Bn, at the end of the period    88.0 91.6 88.4 86.8 88.6
Reserves (including gold), USD Bn, at the end of the period 478.8 426.3 439.5 479.4 498.6 537.6
 
 
           
Balance of Payment Indicators            
Trade balance, USD Bn  130.9 179.8 111.6 151.7 198.2 195.2
Share of energy resources in export of goods, %  64.2 68.8 66.7 67.6 70.1 70.4
Current account, USD Bn  76.2 102.4 48.6 70.2 98.9 81.3
Export of goods, USD Bn  354.4 471.6 303.4 400.4 522.0 530.7
Import of goods, USD Bn  223.5 291.8 191.8 248.7 323.8 335.4
Gross foreign direct investments, USD Bn  54.6 75.2 36.3 42.9 55.6 46.7
Average export price of Russian crude oil, USD/bbl 69.4 94.4 61.1 78.2 109.3 110.5
             
             
Financial Markets Indicators            
Weighted average corporate loan rate, %  10.0 12.2 15.3 10.8 8.5 9.1
CBR refinancing rate, % , at the end of the period  10.0 13.0 8.75 7.75 8.0 8.25
Assets of Russian Banking System, USD Bn  821 953 975 1108 1293 1629
Stock market index (RTS, in Rub, at the end of the period) 2.291 632 1.445 1.770 1.382 1.527
Capitalization of Russian stock market USD Bn 1 462 370 752 942 771 794
             
             
Income, Poverty, and Labour Market            
Real disposable income, change (%), year-on-year  12.1 2.4 3.0 5.9 0.4 4.2
Average wages in USD  531.4 695.7 587.0 689.2 794.9 862.4
Unemployment rate, %  6.1 6.3 8.4 7.5 6.6 5.5

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