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Omsk Region Economy

INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX


Industrial complex is one of the most dynamic sectors of the local economy. It accounts for about 26% of the regional capital assets and employs 21,7% of the working population.
 
Manufacturing industry is the leading industrial sector in the region. Oil and gas industry is being developed. In 1998, the Tevriz gas condensate field was put in exploitation for production of natural gas. Since 2001, the south-western part of the Krapivinsk field has been developed for oil production. 
 
Major industrial enterprises determining the economic specialization of the Omsk region are concentrated in the administrative center – the City of Omsk.
 
Determinants of industrial growth in recent years were stable operating conditions on the domestic and foreign markets,  creation of new industrial enterprises and technical re-equipping and moernization programs.
 
In 2012 was laid the foundation for the formation of a new model of economic development of the Omsk region, for institutional reforms, aimed at significantly improving the investment and business climate, for formation and development of industrial clusters, for investment encouraging and creation of  investment relations system adaptive to the needs of business.
 
A major prerequisite for the long-term changes in the socio-economic development of the Omsk region is transformation  of strategic planning system. In 2012 in accordance with integrated audit of the key Omsk region 's sectors competitiveness was developed a strategy for socio-economic development of the Omsk region until 2025.

As a result the necessity of the cluster approach to economic development of the Omsk region was justified, identified "points of growth" in the oil refining, agro-industrial clusters and high-tech components cluster (communication, aerospace equipment and control-mesuaring instrumentation).

Cluster-based policy will be prospectively developed due to the fact yhat it will be supported by the ceкефшт factors in terms of medium and small enterprises and activation of investment processes in Omsk Region.

 
OIL REFINING, CHEMISTRY AND PETROCHEMISTRY

Petrochemical complex enterprises occupy leading position in the structure of industrial production of Omsk region. 1/3 of key assets are concentrated in this economic sector making up for 70% of the total volume of goods produced in Omsk region and employing 1/7 of the work-force.

Production of petrochemical complex takes dominant position in the volume of the regional expo
In all Russia petrochemical production output the share of Omsk region enterprises makes:
  • phenol – 22,4%;
  • truck tyres – 16,2%;
  • motor gasoline –12,2%;
  • diesel oil fuel – 8,3%;
  • passenger car tyres – 8,5%;
  • rubber – 3,5%;
  • furnace oil – 3,1%.
In 2012 the leader of Russian petroleum processing OJSC “Gazpromneft – Omskij NPZ”, providing the highest oil-conversion rate in Russian Federation – 89,2% (Russian Federation – 71,5%).

Omsk Region has all the necessary conditions for the rapid development of the petroleum-refining and petrochemical industries: competitive enterprises, qualified staff, proven production technologies, accessible resources and established market. Nowadays the region produces 41% of all xylol, 30% of all technical carbon and 22% of all phenol in Russia.

The forecast growth rate for petroleum-refining industry of the world is 9,7% (for 2011-2014), for rubber production  - 3% (for 2011-2016).

 
MACHINERY AND METAL WORKING

Industrial machinery enterprises have significant research and production capacity.

Main types of output products: launcher, space modules, aircraft engines and its arts, cryogenic engineering, radio communication centers and radio communication complexes, process automation devices, measuring equipment for energy systems, medical equipment, means of transport, railway equipment, agricultural and household equipment.
  




 
FOOD INDUSTRY

Food industry in the Omsk region processes locally produced agricultural raw materials:
- meat (production of meat, sausages, tinned meat, semi-finished meat, edible rendered fat etc.);
- milk (production of dairy products, dairy butter, ice-cream, fat cheese, powdered milk, preserved milk products, baby food);
- grain (flour-and-cereals industry, macaroni products, baked goods);
- mineral water, beer, liquor and soft drinks.
 
More than 13% of volume of goods and services fall on this sectors economy and it employs 18 thousand people. Export to foreign countries shows a growing tendency.

Food production companies employ over 24 thousand people, which represents over 23% of average manufacturing staff number.


 
AGRICULTURE
 
The Omsk region is a highly-developed agricultural region with one of the largest agro-industrial complexes in the east of the country. The leading agricultural branches include:
- plant-growing (main products are wheat, rye, barley, oats);
- dairy farming and meat processing;
- poultry breeding;
- pig breeding.
 
The region is placed among the 10 top producers of grain, milk and meat in the Russian Federation. The output of agricultural products per capita in the Omsk region is higher than in any other region of the Siberian Federal District of the Russian Federation.  Domestic production of meat, milk and grain exceeds domestic consumption.

Rate of agricultural production in 2012 made 56 billion Rubles, including gross grain harvest (in weight after processing) in farms of all categories - 1724 thousand tons, potato harvest – 480 thousand tons, vegetables – 220 thousand tons, meat production  (of cattle and a poultry in live weight for slaughte) - 261 thousand tons, milk production – 804,5 thousand tons, eggs production  – 780 million.

Omsk Region has very favorable climate conditions for agriculture. Beneficial combination of long vegetation period, significant amount of sun radiation, total annual precipitation over 300 mm and fertile chernozem soil creates  inevitable conditions for the growing of good harvest of most  of the traditional for Omsk Region crops – grains, potato and vegetables. 


 
TRADE ACTIVITY

Trade network in the Oblast is represented by some 10,5 thousand entities, including 6,8 thousand shops, 0,2 thousand shopping malls, 1,6 thousand pavilions, 1,9 thousand tents and kiosks . The bulk of them is situated in Omsk- 4,7 thousand (45% of all entities of the region). Furthermore, on the territory of Omsk Region work  31 marketplaces with total capacity of 13 thousand trade places, 19 of them are situated in Omsk.

This number has a tendency to grow which is a sign of a tough competition in the branch. Retail sector of the region numbers 15 thousand organizations, wholesale sector -  10,7 thousand entities.

There is a number of international players represented by: Metro Cash & Carry, Ikea, OBI, Ashan, Media Markt. Also of inter and regional importance such as: Lenta, Holiday, Astor, Kilogram, etc. Intraregional players: Astor, Nash magazin, Petrol, Vash dom, Povorot, PobEda, Eda, Novator, Producty 24, Nizkocen.

Total amount of people employed by trade companies of Omsk Region amounts to 140,7 thousand people, and their proportion of the total number  of employees is 15%.


 
TOURISM RESOURCES OF OMSK REGION

One of the largest and most beautiful rivers of Russia – Irtysh - crosses the region. This river is literally created for cruises, fishing, rafting. Some of the numerous lakes of Omsk Region have unique origin as well as a present  state. Lakes  Uldgay, Ebeyty, Danilovo, Linevo, Ataichye are of the greatest interest. The large therapeutic mud deposits of lake Uldgay exceed the famous lake Karachi . The therapeutic mud from Ebeyty lake compares to muds from famous in Russia resorts on salt concentration, and on individual components exceeds muds of resorts Sochi, Maynanaki , Yeysk. At the present time therapeutic muds are used by health and recreation resorts Omskiy, Kolos, Tavricheskiy, Avtomobilist, Rassvet.

Omsk Region is rich in healing mineral water resources. There are 9 sources of healing mineral water in the region. Its chemical composition is similar to the healing water “Esentuki”.  Mineral waters  are used in medical baths in health and recreation resorts of Omsk and Chernoluchinsk-Krasnoyarsk resort zone.


Natural landscapes of Omsk Region are widely used for recreational purposes. Recreation camps are situated in Krutinskiy, Sargatskiy and Bolsherechenskiy districts. Natural zone of Muromcevskiy district is of great interest, there are situated lakes of meteorite origin. In the energy zones of Okunevo lake occur the phenomenon, which attracts attention of ufologists and other scientists. Tour operators of Omsk have developed a hiking tour “Okunevskiy meridian”, which includes visiting Shaytan lake, which, according to the legend, has the true “dead” water. Significant complex of sanitary institutions is situated in Chernoluchinsk-Krasnoyarsk resort zone.  Many districts have hunting and fishing seats. The system of sanatoriums, holiday homes and camps provide the opportunity to Omsk citizens to satisfy their need in recreation in within the native land.

On the territory of Omsk Region are situated 13 botanic gardens, 20 faunal (hunting) areas, two of them are complex wildlife reserves of federal significance.  The region has 99 monuments of nature  and one nature park “Ptichya gavan” (“Bird’s harbor”).  The most unique geological entomological monuments of nature are “Ground Gap”, “Beshaul” , “Relict forest-steppe”.


Guests of the city are especially interested in the history of establishment of Omsk, construction of its fortresses, further development of the architectural  ensemble of 18th-19th centuries period.  It’s hard to imagine the development of our city without small towns and settlements. The oldest of them is town Tara. Bolsherechye settlement is known far beyond our country for its rural Zoo – the only one in Siberia – and touristic complex “Ancientness of Siberia”.

There are functional reconstructed and new-built cathedrals and chapels on the territory of the region. Among them is the largest cathedral in Siberia  - Khristorozhdestvensiy Cathedral (the Cathedral of the Nativity of Christ). Uspensky Cathedral (The Cathedral of the Assumption) was reconstructed and opened on 15 July 2007.



 
CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS

There are 10 professional theatres in the city. Omsk Drama Theatre, which was acknowledged as an Academic Theatre in 1983, gained distinction in Russia over the last decade. Omsk State Russian Folk Choir successfully performs concert activity. The pride of Omsk Philharmonia is symphony orchestra.

Omsk museums are very popular: Museum of Local Lore, Museum of Fine Arts M.Vrubelja, Art museum “Liberov Centre”. The oldest museum of the city is the Museum of Local Lore established in 1878 by West-Siberian department of Russian Geographic Society. It is a significant center study of Siberia. The Art museum “Liberov Centre” familiarize the public with the work of people’s artist of Russia A.N. Liberov.


 

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